PLUS-2 Study

Pathways Linking Use of Social Media to Teen Outcomes

What is the Goal of the Study?

The purpose of this research study is to learn more about how social media, sleep, and mood are related in teenagers, and whether we can use teens' smartphones to understand these relationships. 

Where Will I Complete
the Study?

All study visits will be held online. 

If preferred, we also can hold the study visit in our lab at Rutgers' Livingston campus in Piscataway, New Jersey (pending COVID safety procedures). 

How Long Will it Take?

The total amount of time you will be participating in the study is about 2 months. The study procedures will be: 

1) Online study visits (2 hours)- complete surveys, an interview with study staff, and install apps on your phone

2) At-home portion for two months (see below!)

3) Final online study visit (1 hour)- complete surveys and brief interview with study staff

Am I Eligible to Participate?

In order to be eligible for this study, you must:

  • be 14-17 years old

  • be in grades 9-12

  • own an Android phone

  • use social media

Complete our screening survey to find out more!

What Will I Be Doing Each Day from Home?





1)  Wear an activity monitor, which is a wrist watch-like device that measures your activity and sleep/wake patterns.

2) Install an app (provided for free) on your phone that records information from certain sensors (e.g., phone activity).

3) Answer questions 3x/day about your thoughts, feelings, and behaviors (less than 10 minutes total per day).

What will you see on my phone?

The app records the duration and timing of activities on your phone (e.g., what apps you are using and when). Sensors for this study include: apps, screen use, battery, wifi, accelerometer, communications, and clock. 


We do not see any of the content or what you are doing on your phone or within apps! For example- we might see that you were on Instagram or received a text at 5PM, but we will not know what you are doing or who are talking to.

 You will be compensated for your time in the study after the first visit (the baseline), each month of the at-home portion, and at the final study visit. 

Participation in this study is completely voluntary and all information will be kept confidential. 

Mobile Phone
Mobile Phone
Mobile Phone


Contact the PLUS-2 Study Team at: